With 800 + species of plants, over 330 species of birds, and the highest number of rare, threatened or endangered species for its size, Presque Isle offers nature lovers a one-of-a-kind experience.
View: Animal Life | Plant Life
- Winters in tropical regions, common on Presque Isle in summer months
- Distinctive black hood and brilliant orange plumage in males
- Makes unique hanging basket nests
- Primarily insectivorous, also eats nectar and fruit. Can be attracted to feeders with oranges
Rufous-sided or Eastern Towhee
- Rummages noisily on ground in leave debris
- Distinctive rufous sides and white outer tail feathers, eye usually red
- Song “drink your tea”
- Diet mostly nuts, seeds, and fruit, some insects
Great Horned Owl
- Very large owl with ear tufts
- Recognizable rust facial disk and white throat
- Fierce bird of prey. Will take rabbits, squirrels, skunks, other owls
- Complete red hood, white belly, and black wings
- Diet nuts, seeds, some insects and fruit
- Hide nuts and seeds in tree crevices
- Often driven from nest cavities by European Starlings
- Large, crow-sized bird with brilliant red crest; second in size to nearly extinct Ivory-billed
- Distinctive holes are oblong, somewhat rectangular
- Its staple food consists of carpenter ants. Excavates cavities, then uses long, sticky tongue to reach carpenter ant burrows in fallen timber. Also eats some fruit and nuts.
- Large slate-blue bird with big head and impressive crest
- Hovers over water before plunging head first to catch fish
- Diet mostly fish, some amphibians and reptiles
- Crow-sized wading bird with blue-green back, chestnut neck, and yellow-orange legs
- Diet mostly aquatic invertebrates, some fish
- Known to use bait to attract fish before spearing them with its saber-like bill
- Buff face and neck, black cap and back
- Very small wading bird
- Secretive, climbs and straddles reeds, seldom flies
- Diet mostly aquatic invertebrates, some fish, amphibians, and reptiles
- Snipe-like wading bird
- Distinguished from long-billed dowitcher by white undersides
- Uses long bill to probe sand in rapid up-and-down movements like sewing machine
- Diet mainly marine worms, snails, tiny crustaceans, and aquatic larvae.
- Stocky, harlequin-patterned shorebird with orange legs
- Russet back and striking black and white pattern in flight
- Named for their feeding method of overturning small stones and seizing the animals hiding underneath.
- Dig large holes in the sand in search of burrowing crustaceans.
- Mostly white diving duck with black back, greenish head (males), and bright yellow eye
- Wings produce loud whistle in flight
- Males provide entertaining courtship display, stretching head forward then snapping it back, bill pointed skyward, while splashing a spray of water out before him.
- One of the most beautiful ducks in North America
- Males crested, plumage iridescent blues, greens and purples
- Hunted to near extinction in 1800’s, today over 1 million in N.A.
- Nests in tree cavities
- Young will jump from nest to ground or water below
- Attracted to parsley and carrot plants, and nectar sources such as phlox and milkweed.
- Host plant Queen Anne’s Lace
- Chrysalis over-winters
Blind Sphinx Moth
- Wingspan 2 3/8-3 1/8"
- Unlike other members in the sphinx moth family this species has no black center in the blue eyespot - hence "blind"
- Caterpillars feed on apple, birch, and a variety of other trees.
Tiger Swallowtail Caterpillar
- Young caterpillar brown and white, resembling bird droppings
- Mature caterpillar green with large orange and black false eyespots
- Variety of host plants including cottonwoods, birches, cherries, and tulip-poplars.
- Chrysalis over-winters
- Very small frog (3/4” – 1 3/8”) found in moist wooded habitats
- Identifiable by the dark cross on its back
- Chorus is one of the first signs of spring
- Hibernate under logs and loose bark
Gray Tree Frog
- Large toe pads aid this aboreal species
- Live high in trees and descend only at night, mainly for breeding
Common Map Turtle
- The most abundant turtle on Presque Isle
- Exhibits extreme sexual dimorphism with adult females being 2-3 times the size of adult males
- Diet consists of aquatic macroinvertebrates: mostly caddis fly larvae in males, mussels including the invasive zebra mussel in females.
- Named for the distinctive map-like pattern on the carapace (top shell)
Common Snapping Turtle
- The largest turtle on Presque Isle, adults can reach 45 pounds!
- The long tail with saw-tooth keels, long claws, and spiny skin give this species a prehistoric look
- The Coyote’s scientific name means "barking dog" Can run up to 40 mph, the best runner among the canids
- Can make 14-foot leaps
- Runs with its tail down, unlike the domestic dog (tail up) or wolves (tail straight)
- Largest rodent in North America
- Slit nails on inner toes of hind feet used to comb and waterproof fur (by spreading oils)
- Nose, ears, and mouth valves shut when the animal dives
- Lips close behind large front incisors
- Can stay submerged for fifteen minutes
- School near shore, usually at depths less than 30 feet
- Feed morning and evening, and rest on the bottom at night
- Feed year-round – making them a favorite of ice fisherman
- Largest North American species in the perch family
- Highly valued sport and food fish
- Often rest on the lake bottom during the day in shady areas and emerge at dusk to feed.
- Feeds on aquatic insects, crustaceans, amphibians, and fish.
- The largest individual on caught in Lake Erie on record weighed almost 12 pounds
Rainbow Trout or Steelhead
- Raised for market through aquaculture
- This species migrates into the ocean before returning to spawn in their freshwater home streams
- Stocked Steelhead move and out of the Great Lakes migrate through the lakes much as they would the ocean
- Seldom swim deeper than 35 feet along the Great Lakes shores
- The most widely distributed freshwater fish in the world
- A ravenous predator; consumes three to four times its weight per year
- Diet includes frogs, crayfish, small mammals, and birds
View: Animal Life | Plant Life